Walking through Australia’s vast wilderness is a ritual woven into the rich fabric of the nation’s past. Thousands of years ago, the country’s first inhabitants went “walkabout,” a spiritual journey on foot that traced the ancient tracks or “songlines” of their ancestors.
Today, you can follow in their footsteps. Top hikes in Australia range from independent half-day jaunts through bird-rich bushland and along beaches lapped by sapphire seas to guided multi-day treks through the country’s red hot heart, where rugged gorges and red-hued deserts challenge even hard-core hikers.
You can slice up the longer hikes, called the “Great Walks of Australia,” into shorter day hikes, depending on your free time and fitness level.
Many of the best bushwalks in Australia weave through World Heritage-listed wilderness areas, where you can see some of the country’s quirky wildlife-from wallabies and wombats to dingoes, kangaroos, and echidnas. Budding mountaineers can even summit the country’s highest peak in less than a day on one of the best alpine hikes in Australia.
Hiking trips in Australia offer something for everyone, from families to solo hikers and from the coast to the desert. Wherever your walkabout takes you in this wild and sun-soaked land, the spectacular scenery will stir your soul just as it did for the aboriginal people thousands of years ago.
Plan your adventures with our list of the best hikes in Australia.
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1. Kings Canyon Rim Walk, Northern Territory
Kings Canyon Rim Walk, Northern Territory
One of the country’s most famous day hikes, the six-kilometer Kings Canyon Rim Walk, in Watarrka National Park, skirts the lip of a spectacular 150-meter-deep canyon in Australia’s Red Centre.
Due to the scorching heat, it’s best to begin this three to four-hour walk before dawn. The rising sun paints the landscape in rich hues of rose gold, and this is also the best time to see wildlife, including kangaroos, zebra finches, and white-plumed honeyeaters.
The first part of the hike requires climbing 500 steps to the rim of the canyon, but it’s worth it for the spectacular views. Once at the top, follow the u-shaped trail around the sandstone cliffs and peer below into a wonderland of weathered dome-shaped rock formations; ancient cycads; and the Garden of Eden, an unlikely oasis with lush vegetation and a perennial waterhole. After winter rains, waterfalls tumble down the rock faces here.
The Kings Canyon Rim Walk requires an average to high fitness level and is a one-way loop, so you won’t encounter hikers coming in the opposite direction. If possible, avoid hiking in the extreme temperatures from September through May. Take plenty of water, sunscreen, and insect protection.
Hikers seeking a more gentle walk in the canyon can try the easy 2.6-kilometer Kings Canyon Creek walk.
2. Mount Gower, Lord Howe Island, New South Wales
Mount Gower, Lord Howe Island, New South Wales
Climbing 875-meter-high Mount Gower on World-Heritage-listed Lord Howe Island off the north coast of New South Wales is one of the best day hikes in Australia.
This 14-kilometer round-trip hike ascends to the mist forests at the mountain’s summit. Along the way, you can explore the botanical and wildlife wonders of this pristine island, where visitor numbers are limited to protect the natural environment.
As you climb this lush peak on the island’s southern end, fern-filled forests, rare orchids, and moss-cloaked trees imbue the landscapes with a storybook feel. Along the way, you can gape at views of neighboring Mt. Lidgbird; Balls Pyramid, the world’s largest sea stack at 565-meters; the lagoon; and the island’s northern settlement.
Reaching the summit on this moderate to difficult hike takes about five hours, and the descent takes about four hours, with ledge crossings and rope sections to negotiate along the way.
From March through September, the surprisingly fearless providence petrel appears on cue at the summit for close-up viewing. Guided walks are highly recommended and provide insight into the island’s unique ecology and natural history.
3. Cape to Cape Track, Margaret River, Western Australia
In the southwestern corner of Western Australia, 260 kilometers south of Perth, the Cape to Cape Track is one of the best coastal hikes in Australia. This rewarding multi-day hike meanders for 135 kilometers along coastal cliffs, surf beaches, and forests of giant karri trees.
Named for its route between the lighthouses of Cape Naturaliste and Cape Leeuwin, along the Margaret River coast, the entire walk lies within a national park and takes between five to seven days. But you can choose easier sections for half-day or day walks.
Highlights of the Cape to Cape walking track include coastal rock formations, such as jagged Sugarloaf Rock jutting from the sea; cool cascades; squeaky-clean beaches; and sea cliffs with views across the pounding surf. Between June and December, keep an eye out for whales.
One of the most scenic sections of the hike skirts the cliff-tops above Contos Beach, where wildflowers flourish in the spring and kangaroos often take cover under shady scrub. Another section crosses the mouth of the Margaret River as it flows to the sea.
Campsites lie along the route, as well as a range of more comfortable accommodation, making this a great choice for hikers who prefer not to rough it after a long day of walking. Tour companies also run guided walks along this route.
4. Great Ocean Walk, Victoria
Great Ocean Walk, Victoria
The Great Ocean Road, along Victoria’s Shipwreck Coast, is one of Australia’s most famous scenic drives, but you can also enjoy the breathtaking scenery on foot.
Carving along one of the country’s most spectacular stretches of coastline, this multi day, one-way hike stretches for 104 kilometers from the town of Apollo Bay through Port Campbell and Great Otway National Parks, and takes up to eight days.
This epic trek evokes sheer awe in the power of Mother Nature. Perhaps the most famous stretch is from Princetown to Glenample. Here, a clifftop path perches over the famous Twelve Apostles, the towering coastal rock formations sculpted by the howling winds and thrashing surf.
Standing above the treacherous ocean, you can actually imagine how the forces of nature gouged this scalloped coast over millennia. Other highlights include skirting some of the country’s highest sea cliffs, wandering through wildlife-rich wetlands and casuarina forests, and descending to windswept beaches where the rusted anchors of old shipwrecks lie. From June through September, look for whales in the wind-whipped sea.
Most of the trek is classified easy to medium, although the Wreck Beach Walk section is more challenging. Accommodation along the way ranges from campsites to ecolodges and posh hotels, and tour operators offer guided walks.
5. Larapinta Trail, Northern Territory
A quintessential Aussie Outback adventure, the remote Larapinta Trail in the Northern Territory follows in the footsteps of the country’s first inhabitants, across ancient desert landscapes and the rugged spine of the West MacDonnell Ranges.
The entire 223-kilometer track takes up to 14 days and is best tackled by experienced hikers, but you can choose a combination of the 12 separate sections depending upon your time constraints and ability.
Larapinta Trail hikes offer a striking glimpse at stark outback scenery. This multi day hike starts at the old Alice Springs Telegraph Station and weaves west to the dramatic beauty of Simpson’s Gap, Ormiston Gorge, and Stanley Chasm. It culminates with a steep climb up Mount Sonder, the highest point of the trail, with 360-degree views over the magnificent desert landscapes.
Sleeping under the star-studded desert skies in a bushman’s swag is part of the adventure here, or you can pitch a tent at one of the wilderness camps.
Guided group tours are recommended for this long distance hike due to the harsh climate and its rugged and remote location in Australia’s Red Centre.
6. Fraser Island Great Walk, Queensland
Tracing the footsteps of the native Butchulla people on World Heritage-listed Fraser Island, this 90-kilometer walk takes in the top tourist attractions of the planet’s largest sand island. The trail threads along old logging routes between Dilli Village and Happy Valley through subtropical rainforest and mangroves, and along the shores of windswept beaches.
Highlights include strolling along the rainforest boardwalk bordering the crystal-clear waters of Wanggoolba Creek, swimming in the striking blue waters of Lake McKenzie, and gazing up at the towering sand dune engulfing Lake Wabby.
At Central Station, stop by the exhibits to brush up on the history and ecology of the island, and while you’re walking, look out for dingoes, Australia’s wild dog. This relatively easy walk takes about six to eight days to complete, and you can concentrate on smaller segments if you’re short on time. Basic walkers’ camps lie along the route, as well as a couple of private guesthouses and the 4-star Kingfisher Bay Resort.
7. Blue Gum Forest, Blue Mountains, New South Wales
Blue Gum Forest, Blue Mountains, New South Wales | JoAnne Sparks / photo modified
Hiking places in Sydney are rewarding, but about 115 kilometers from the city center, the World-Heritage-listed Blue Mountains National Park offers some of the best hikes in NSW. In particular, the steep hike to the Blue Gum Forest has become a kind of spiritual pilgrimage for Aussie bushwalkers. This beautiful 16-hectare forest was saved from destruction in the early 1930s by passionate bushwalkers who pooled funds to buy the land. Today, it graces the list of popular hikes in this magnificent wilderness area.
You can access the forest on various routes, but one of the most popular is the five-kilometer round-trip track from Perry’s Lookdown. The hike takes about four hours round trip. Before descending into the Grose Valley, take a moment to enjoy the breathtaking views from the lookout, where eucalyptus forests stretch as far as the eye can see.
Hiking in the Blue Mountains is a sensory feast, and this hike is no different. Cockatoos screech across the valley, water splashes over slick rocks in a cool creek, bark crunches underfoot, and the pungent fragrance of eucalyptus and damp earth infuses the air.
Those who wish to stay overnight can pitch a tent at the Acacia Flat campground nearby. You can also hike to the Blue Gum Forest from the famous Govetts Leap lookout.
8. Wineglass Bay Circuit, Tasmania
Wineglass Bay Circuit, Tasmania
Named for its voluptuous curves, Wineglass Bay in Freycinet National Park is one of the most beautiful beaches in Australia. This ravishing half-moon slice of white sand and sapphire sea forms a dazzling backdrop for one of the park’s top walks. Tasmania’s Oyster Bay tribe once walked these lands, and now hikers can travel the same ancient routes.
The 12-kilometer Wineglass Bay Circuit walk offers picture-perfect views of this sparkling cove, backed by the pink-tinged granite peaks of the Hazards. The walk rises steeply to the Wineglass Bay lookout, where you can ogle views of the beautiful bay. From here, the track threads through the Hazards and descends to the beach itself. Linger here to soak up the raw beauty.
Another track leads across the isthmus to boulder-strewn Hazard’s Beach. Along the way, keep a lookout for some of the park’s quirky wildlife, including wombats, wallabies, and the eastern quoll. The walk is easy after the steep climb to the lookout.
The summer months of December through April are the prime time to tackle this hike, when the days are longer and the weather is warmer.
This hike is one of Tasmania’s Great Short Walks and forms part of the 30-kilometer Freycinet Peninsula Circuit. Accommodation ranges from rustic campsites to luxury ecolodges, like Saffire Freycinet.
9. Uluru Base Walk, Northern Territory
Uluru Base Walk
After you’ve absorbed the beauty of Uluru from a distance and captured photos of its shifting colors at sunset, do yourself a favor and return at sunrise for a close-up view and a hike around its base. The 10-kilometer Uluru Base Walk circumnavigates this sacred rock, taking you through the changing landscapes, from lush foliage to acacia woodlands, waterholes, stands of bloodwood trees, and bare sun-scorched desert.
Walking around the rock takes you up close to see the etchings and ever-changing colors of the rock’s surface. The track is well-marked and flat, and interpretive signs along the way share fascinating details about the ecology and the rock’s significance to the local Anangu people. Better still, book an aboriginal-guided hike to learn more about the cultural significance of this iconic landmark and its surroundings, including how to find bush tucker.
It takes about three to four hours to complete the trail, with stops along the way. The best way to tackle the hike is to start at the Mala carpark in the early morning, when the weather is cooler, and walk around the rock in a clockwise direction. Make sure you respect the local people’s culture and refrain from taking photos at sensitive points along the trail – signs will warn you where photography is not allowed.
This is one of the best family hikes in Australia – as long as you time it for the coolest part of the day. Note that parts of the trail close when temperatures soar during summer afternoons due to the danger of heat stroke.
Now that tourists are banned from climbing the rock out of respect for the local people, the Uluru Base walk is one of the best ways to appreciate its beauty.
10. Kosciuszko Walk, New South Wales
Kosciuszko Walk, New South Wales
If you’ve always wanted to summit a county’s highest peak but you’re not much of a mountaineer, you’re in luck. On the Kosciuszko walk, you can enjoy a round-trip hike to the 2,228-meter summit of Mount Kosciuszko, Australia’s highest peak, in less than five hours – with a little help from Thredbo’s Kosciuszko Express chairlift.
From June through October, this well-maintained and clearly-marked track is usually covered in snow, so the 14-kilometer loop is best attempted in summer. Take the chairlift up as far as you can go, and from here, the track ascends past the rugged granite outcrops of the Rams Head Range, through wildflower-flecked heathlands, and past Lake Cootapatamba, which was gouged by glaciers.
Pause at the lookout to admire spectacular views of Australia’s alpine country. You’ll also cross over the humble headwaters of the Snowy River from the famous bush ballad, The Man from Snowy River, by Banjo Paterson.
This is a great moderate walk for budding mountaineers (and even older children) who want a summit hike but are not quite ready for an expedition to Everest. You can easily tackle the walk independently. Make sure you dress in layers and take plenty of water.
11. Flinders Chase Coastal Trek, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
Flinders Chase Coastal Trek, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
Drenched in rugged, windswept beauty, the Flinders Chase Coastal Trek skirts limestone cliffs overlooking the wild sea on the west coast of Kangaroo Island in South Australia.
The Flinders Chase Coastal Trek is one of the most rewarding multi day hikes in South Australia, with plenty of campsites along the route. It comprises three sections, but the highlight is the one-way, 19-kilometer hike from Ravine des Casoars to West Bay.
Along the way, you’ll have plenty of opportunities to spot iconic Aussie wildlife. Kangaroos, koalas, goannas, echidnas, and wallabies are some of the creatures that inhabit the coastal bushland. Look out to sea, and you can sometimes spot whales, seals, and ospreys.
Besides the wildlife, other highlights include the jagged wind- and sea-sculpted limestone stalagmites rising from the headland.
Good footwear is essential for this hike due to the sharp limestone shoreline, and fall and spring are the prime times, when temperatures are milder.
12. The Overland Track, Tasmania
The Overland Track through mossy forest in Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park
If pristine alpine environments and gob-smacking natural beauty tickle your fancy, sign up for the Overland track. This epic one-way trail, which takes on average about six days, meanders through spectacular Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park, part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area, and one of the state’s top attractions.
The hike begins at Cradle Mountain and culminates at glittering Lake St. Clair, Australia’s deepest lake. Along the way, you’ll see misty moorlands, deep valleys cut by glaciers, waterfalls, toothy granite peaks, primeval rainforests, and alpine meadows flecked with wildflowers. The trail runs for 65 kilometers or around 80 kilometers if you choose to walk along Lake St. Clair for an extra day. You can also opt for side trips to other areas of the park, including Mount Ossa, Tasmania’s highest peak.
This is one of the most challenging alpine trails in Australia and requires a high level of fitness-more than half of it exceeds 304 meters in elevation. Make sure you book online at least 24 hours in advance. Note also that the weather can be capricious-it’s important to pack gear for wet, cold, and windy weather, even in the summer.
13. The Bibbulmun Track, Western Australia
Elephant Rocks, William Bay National Park
Hiking in Western Australia can take you through some of the most breathtaking scenery in Australia, and the Bibbulmum Track covers many of the highlights. This one-way 1,000-kilometer, long distance hike starts from Kalamunda, on a walking trail in the Perth hills, and explores some of the most scenic national parks in the state’s southwest, ending in the coastal town of Albany.
Highlights include wandering through the giant karri, jarrah, and tingle forests; seeing the sights of William Bay National Park, breathing in the salty air in ocean-view heathlands; and catching sight of kangaroos peeking out from purple spring wildflowers in the misty valleys.
The trail travels through land owned traditionally by the Nyoongar people, and it’s easy to find your way. Markers appear every 500 meters or so, displaying the Waugul rainbow serpent of Aboriginal Dreaming. You’ll also find campsites at regular intervals, with basic shelters, pit toilets, and rainwater tanks.
Best of all, you can tailor the experience to suit your comfort level and experience, from a self-guided, eight-week, long distance hike to shorter guided tours. Prefer to do day hikes with more comfortable digs? You can stay in towns along the way and tackle shorter hikes in each area.
The best time of year to hike the track is in the Southern Hemisphere’s autumn, winter, or spring, when the wildflowers burst into bloom. Summer can be too hot for hiking – especially along more exposed areas of the trail.